Monday, July 4, 2022

Setup Your Home Ethernet Wiring Easily With This Guide!

Wireless internet is definitely more convenient to have, especially in homes. But, wireless networks cannot give you the internet speed and stability that a good old Ethernet connection can.

Setting up Ethernet network will get you the maximum speed, but it’s a lot of work to setup especially if done alone. There are a lot of things you need to keep in mind while setting up your home Ethernet wiring.

To make it easy, I have written this guide on what you need to do to run Ethernet through house without any issue. Simply follow this guide and you will be able to setup your home Ethernet wiring easily!

Plan Your Setup

With almost anything that we do, whether it’s travelling or shopping, planning it ahead makes it easier. This is also true for wiring house for Ethernet. You need to start with planning how you want to run the wires, where the access points will be, what wire you should use and much more.

Don’t worry, here I will break it down for you so it doesn’t overwhelm you. Before you begin, sing up at Unifi Design Center where you can easily upload your floorplan and use tools to mark down the wiring and even wireless network coverage.

run_home_network_wiring_using_unify_design_center

1) Start With A Floorplan Of Your Home

The first thing you need to do is make a floorplan of your Home. This will allow you to plan the wired network connections by forming it on the floorplan.

2) Plan The Router And Switch Locations

Once you have made the floor plans, mark down the rooms you want to place the routers and switches. You can have multiple switches for different rooms or floors, or you can run everything through one switch.

Having multiple switches will allow you more flexibility on which part of the home you want to allow internet, while having one big switch will make it much simpler if you plan to keep your internet on for the entire house all the time.

3) Plan The Ethernet Connections

Next you need to mark down the rooms you will need Ethernet connections. Keep in mind that you would want to set it up for future as well, like your kid may grow up and use a console or PC, so you will need to add an Ethernet connection for those rooms.

Mark down the access points and Ethernet connections you want to have in what part of the room, the Ethernet ports you want per location and move to the next part.

4) Plan The Wiring

So, you have places marked down. How will you connect them? Now you have to think how you are going to run the Ethernet wiring through the house. You can use the ventilation vents, attic and crawl spaces are great ways for running your cables through the house.

Required Tools For Setting Up Ethernet Wiring

Before you proceed with the Ethernet wiring, you will need the following tools.

  • Punch down tool for punching the cable in the patch panel and keystone jacks.
  • Network Cable Tester is always recommended to keep near hand.
  • Ethernet Crimping tool to connect RJ45 plugs.
  • Basic tools like drill, screwdriver, etc.

Which Ethernet Cable Is Best For Your Home Network Wiring

Now that you have created the plan, it is time to pick the Ethernet cable that you will need for the setup. There are multiple facts you need to keep in mind while choosing the perfect Ethernet cable. Your desired internet speed, stability, cost are all important points you will need to keep in mind.

Cat 6 is the minimal standard used in home installations at the moment. It provides a speed of 10 Gbps up to 55 meters, after which the speed drops to 1 Gbps. It has a bandwidth of 250 Mhz.

You can also get Cat 6a cables if you have a bigger house. Cat 6a cables give a constant 10 Gbps speed and it doesn’t drop after a certain distance. Also, it has a bandwidth of 500 Mhz, which means it can transfer data twice as fast.

Cat 6a is costlier than Cat 6, so choose wisely. Cat 6 is generally enough for most home networks.

Next, you should use solid UTP cables instead of stranded cables, as solid cables can be easily punched done into wall jacks and patch panels. Stranded cables are used to make patch cables between your switch and patch panel.

Next you will have to check your local fire code and ensure the correct quality of cables are used to avoid any fire breakout. Especially if you are using HVAC ducts for running the wiring.

You can get Plenum Cat 6 cables, which have a special fire resistance layer. Some countries also recommend the Cat6 Rise cable, which also has a high tolerance of fire. Check the local fire code before you pick it.

Why You Should Get Patch Panel For Home Network

I recommend that when you use patch panels instead of using RJ45 connectors on a solid UTP cable while setting up your home Ethernet wiring. Firstly, it makes wire management much easier and there won’t be any ugly hanging wires in your home.

patch_panel

You can get the wall mounted patch panels, which are perfect for home setup as they are small and allow up to 12 Ethernet connections.

Using Ethernet Wall Sockets

Now, to have the connection to your room, you will need Ethernet wall sockets, which you should have already marked down on the floorplan. The Ethernet sockets are different depending on where you live so make sure to look it up before purchasing.

Test The Ethernet Wiring

Once you are done setting up the wiring, you will have to check if it’s working correctly. The best way to do it is using the Cable Testers, which tests individual wires in Ethernet cables. Make sure everything is working correctly.

Closing Up

So, there you have it. Now you know how to run Ethernet through house with ease. If you have any questions regarding this topic, ask us in the comment section.

Sanmay Chakrabarti
Sanmay Chakrabarti
Sanmay is a Windows Insider and editor at BottoBotto. He is a Tech enthusiast and has been writing tech blogs for over 2 years now. He loves reading books, traveling to new places and listening to music in his free time.

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